Śrī Rādhā is the ocean of deep compassion

Śrī Rādhā is the ocean of deep compassion, always showering Her devotees with the nectar-stream of Her mercy.
Those who have been touched by the nectar of that compassion, can testify.

Śrīla Raghunātha Dāsa Gosvāmī says:
karuṇā vidravad dehā – “Her body melts with compassion”.

Normally, a person’s heart melts with compassion, but only in Rādhārāṇī’s case the whole body melts with compassion. She always bathes in streams of ambrosial compassion, and because Kṛṣṇa accepted Her mood when He became Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu, Mahāprabhu is so merciful!

Mahāprabhu does not consider who is qualified or unqualified, who is from which caste or from which āśrama. He gives prema (love of God) without making such distinctions! That is ‘a body melting with compassion’!

It is Rādhā’s storehouse of compassion, not Kṛṣṇa’s!

In Vraja-līlā the storehouse of Rādhā’s mercy remained hidden and closed, but when Mahāprabhu accepted the mood and complexion of Śrī Rādhā, it became manifest to the world!
Mahāprabhu showed the people of the world how the body can melt with compassion, because He assumed Śrī Rādhā’s merciful mood.
Because Rādhikā’s body melts with compassion, it can be compared to the fourth cosmic ocean, the ocean of clarified butter. (4)

tika to Sri Sri Radha Rasa Sudhanidhi, verse 18

Śrī Rādhā is the ocean of vātsalya

Śrī Rādhā is the ocean of vātsalya.

Vātsalya means love for the poor and the fallen. Just as Śrī Rādhā is an inexhaustible storehouse of amorous rasa, She is also a great ocean of vātsalya-affection.

The writers of the rasa śāstras (aesthetic scriptures) say that the vātsalya rasa is not compatible with the madhura rasa, but Rādhārāṇī makes them compatible in some situations.

For instance, She gives the greatest bliss to Rasika Śiromaṇi (Kṛṣṇa) and Her girlfriends and maidservants when She gives this ‘motherly’ affection to Kṛṣṇa while He takes His meal.
Śrī Rādhā’s vātsalya towards Her girlfriends is also most wonderful. She is always controlled by their affection.

Śrī Rūpa Gosvāmī gives the following example in his ‘Ujjvala Nīlamaṇi’ (Rādhā Prakaraṇa 34):

upadiśa sakhi vṛnde vallabendrasya sūnuṁ
kim ayam iha sakhīnāṁ mām adhīnāṁ dunoti
apasaratu saśaṅkaṁ mandirān māninīnāṁ
kalayati lalitāyāḥ kiṁ na śauṭīrya dhāṭīm

Śrī Rādhā had a quarrel with Śrī Kṛṣṇa, but now She regrets it (this is called kalahāntarita bhāva). She is once more very eager to meet Him, but in order to show that She is under the full control of Her girlfriends, She tells Vṛndā:
“O sakhi Vṛnde! Tell this prince of Vraja that I am controlled by My girlfriends! Why does He waste His words on Me? We are proud girls, it is not proper for Him to stay in our abodes! Tell Him that He’d better fearfully flee! Doesn’t He know the prowess of My friend Lalitā?”

With these words sakhī vatsalā Śrī Rādhā pleases Her girlfriends and gives a hidden instruction to Śyāmasundara to come and meet Her at the same time.

Śrī Rādhā’s vātsalya towards Her maidservants is incomparible!
The maidservants are always showered by waves from the ocean of Her ‘motherly’ affection ! She always keeps them by Her side, calling them “My Rūpa Manjarī, My Rati Ṁañjarī”, with strong feelings of mineness.

In the eighth canto of his ‘Vṛndāvana Mahimāmṛta’, Śrīpāda has drawn a very sweet picture of how Śrī Rādhā showers Her maidservants with the nectar of Her compassion:

kṣaṇaṁ caraṇa vicchedyāc chrīśvaryāḥ prāṇa hāriṇīm
padāravinda samlagna tayaivāharniśaṁ sthitām
preṣṭha dvandva prasāda srag vastra bhūṣādi mohinīm
mahā vinaya sauśilyādy anekāścarya sad guṇām

“Day and night the maidservants are staying at Śrīśvarī’s (Rādhikā’s) lotus-feet, for they will die if they are separated from them for even a second. They are very enchanting as they wear the leftover garlands, dresses and ornaments of the loving divine Couple and they are also adorned with many amazing attributes such as great humility and good behaviour.”

Because there is a lot of the essential part of affection in the vātsalya-ocean, just as yoghurt is the essence of milk, this ocean can be compared to the fifth cosmic ocean, the ocean of yoghurt. (3)

tika to Sri Sri Radha Rasa Sudhanidhi, verse 18

Śrīmatī Rādhā is the only ocean of anurāga (mahā-bhāva)

Śrīmatī is the only ocean of anurāga.

ānurāga means mahā-bhāva.
ānurāga is ever-fresh and ever-astonishing.

Śrīmatī thinks Kṛṣṇa’s sweetness is ever fresh and She always has more taste for His sweetness, so She always relishes it.

Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī writes in His ‘Ujjvala Nilamaṇi’ (Sthāyibhāva 104):

ko’yam kṛṣṇa iti vyudasyati dhṛtim yas taṇvi karṇaṁ viśan
rāgāndhe kim idaṁ sadaiva bhavati tasyorasi krīḍati
hāsyaṁ mā kuru mohite tvam adhunā nyastāsya haste mayā
satyaṁ satyam asau dṛg aṅganam agād adyaiva vidyun nibhaḥ

One day Śrīmatī Rādhikā and Her friends headed by Lalitā met Śrī Kṛṣṇa.
Kṛṣṇa became overwhelmed by Rādhikā’s mādana rasa and just to joke with Him, Śrīmatī went to see Her girlfriends in another bower. When the sakhīs there pronounced Kṛṣṇa’s name, Śrī Rādhā told Lalitā:
“O Kṛśodari (slender girl)! Who is that, whose name you are pronouncing?”
Lalitā said: “Whoever it is, what’s that to You?”
Śrī Rādhā said: “Sakhi! I have to know, because I am worried about how to keep My vow as a chaste housewife after hearing that name!”
Lalitā replied: “O Rāgāndhe (Girl blinded by love)! But You are always playing at His chest!”
Śrī Rādhā said: “Sakhi! Are You joking with Me? I have never even met this boy!”
Lalitā said: “O Mohite (bewildered girl)! Has Your knowledge been covered over by intense desire? I have just handed You over to Him!”
Śrī Rādhikā then remembers and says: “Sakhi! You speak the truth! In this lifetime He has appeared before My eyes today for one second, just like a lightning-flash!”

This example shows how anurāga makes the anurāgavati (passionate girl) ever more thirsty after Kṛṣṇa’s great and astonishing sweetness and thus makes Her relish this sweetness more and more. With the statement that Rādhārāṇī is the only ocean of anurāga rasa is meant that when anurāga increases, it becomes mahā-bhāva and that when mahā-bhāva increases it is called mādana mahā-bhāva.

Śrī Rādhārāṇī is the only One who has this mādana mahābhāva and She is the fountainhead of all mahā-bhāva, just as the ocean is the fountainhead of all the rivers and ponds.
The other gopīs are Her phalanx who help Her to complete Kṛṣṇa’s relishing of transcendental mellows.

Just as milk becomes thick kṣīra (cream) when it is boiled down, anurāga turns into mahā-bhāva when it becomes ‘thick’ (intensified). Therefore the anurāga-ocean is compared to the sixth cosmic ocean, the ocean of milk.

tika to Radha Rasa Sudhanidhi, verse 18

Śrīmatī Rādhā is an ocean of cleverness

Śrīmatī Rādhā is:

(1) vaidagdhya sindhuḥ – An ocean of cleverness.

This means rasa pāṇḍitya – She is learned in the science of taste.
She even teaches rasika śekhara, the king of relishers Śrī Kṛṣṇa, expertise in the amorous mellow.
Śrī Kṛṣṇa Himself admits in ‘Caitanya Caritāmṛta’:

rādhikāra prema – guru; āmi – śiṣya naṭa;
sadā āmā nānā nṛtye nācāye udbhaṭa

“Rādhikā’s love is the teacher and I am the dancing pupil. She always causes Me to dance different wonderful dances!”

She is the teacher of arts. Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī writes in ‘Ujjvala Nīlamaṇi’
(Rādhā Prakaraṇa 21):

ācārya dhātu citre pacana viracanā cāturī cāru cittā
vāg yuddhe mugdhayanti gurum api ca girāṁ paṇḍitā mālya gumphe
pāṭhe śārī-śukānāṁ paṭur ajitam api dyuti keliṣu jiṣṇur
vidyā vidyoti buddhiḥ sphurati rati kalāśālini rādhikeyam

Kundalatā told Gārgi: “O devi! What more can I say about the artful expertise of Śrī Rādhikā? She is the teacher by example of making pictures of mineral pigments
(Śrī Viśvanātha Cakravartīpāda writes in his ‘Ānanda Candrikā’-commentary on this verse: ācārya na tu kadācid api kasyacic chiṣya….evaṁ sarvatra jñeyam – “The word ācārya means that She did not learn this science from anyone, it was spontaneously manifest to Her”), She is expert in cooking, She can stifle even Śrī Kṛṣṇa in a verbal battle, She is very learned in stringing flower-garlands, She is expert in teaching the śāri and śuka-parrots how to recite beautiful verses, She can defeat even the unconquerable Ajita in the dicegame, and She has a keen intelligence.”

Because of Her cleverness, Śrīmatī is compared here with the ocean of sweet water (the seventh cosmic ocean).

tika to Sri Sri Radha Rasa Sudhanidhi, verse 18

Devotion with spiritual attachment

Śrīla Jīva Gosvāmī writes in his Prīti Sandarbha that, along with a desire to please the deity, there is also a natural desire to have an intimate relationship with Him and to attain Him.

The devotee who is fixed in smaraṇa attains direct association with his chosen deity within his mind.
Just as the devotees have discussions with Each other in this world, so do the girlfriends and maidservants of Śrī Rādhā have them in the spiritual world!
upa means ‘close by’ and upāsana means: sitting close by.
The practising devotee can stay close by them (the sakhīs and mañjarīs) in his spiritual body (siddha deha) by constantly practising smaraṇa.

This is beautiful sāsaṅga bhajana, devotion with spiritual attachment.

tika to Sri Sri Radha Rasa Sudhanidhi, verse 18

Only the remnants from Kṛṣṇa’s meal

Śrīmatī’s dressing and ornamentation is completed, and Her girlfriends and Her maidservants are now serving Her some sweetmeats. The maidservants know that Īśvarī doesn’t eat anything else but Kṛṣṇa’s remnants, so they mix some nectarine remnants from Kṛṣṇa’s last meal with these sweets.
It is as if Svāminī directly tastes the nectar of Kṛṣṇa’s lips when She eats these sweets! madhunaiva subhojitā – She doesn’t know anymore whether She tastes Kṛṣṇa’s lips or the remnants of His food!
This is not at all astonishing, because when She is separated from Kṛṣṇa, She also feels as if She is actually with Him simply by constantly meditating on Him.

tika to Sri Sri Radha Rasa Sudhanidhi, verse 17

“Śrī-Śrī Viśākhānandada Stotram – “Praises that delight Viśākhā” {Verses 6 – 7}”


hāra maṣjīra keyūra cūḍā nāsāgra mauktikaiu
mudrikādibhir anyaiś ca bhūṣitā bhūṣaṇottamaiu (6)

sudīpta kajjaloddīpta nayanendīvara dvayā
saurabhojjvala tāmbūla maṣjula śrī mukhāmbujā (7)

She is adorned with the best necklaces, ankle bells, armlets, bangles, rings and a splendid pearl hanging at the tip of Her nose.

Her two-blue lotus-eyes are decorated with blazing eyeliner and Her beautiful lotus mouth is shining with lovely fragrant betelnuts.

Stavāmṛta kaṇā vyākhyā:

Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī has described Śrī Rādhā’s sixteen śṛṅgāra and twelve ābharaṇa-decorations as follows in Ujjvala Nīlamaṇi:

snātā nāsāgra jāgran maṇi rasitapaṭā sūtriṇī baddha veṇī
sottamsā carcitāṅgī kusumita cikurā sragviṇī padma-hastā
tāmbūlāsyoru bindu stavakitā cibukā kajjalākṣī sucitrā
rādhālaktojjvalāṅghriu sphurati tilakinī soḍaṣākalpinīyam

Subala told Śrī Kṛṣṇa: “O friend! Behold the beauty of Vṛṣabhānu’s daughter! She is bathed, a pearl hangs from the tip of Her nose, She wears a blue sārī and laced underwear, Her hair is braided, She wears earrings, Her limbs are anointed with sandalwood pulp, She wears flowers in Her hair, and a garland around Her neck. She holds a lotus in Her hand, She has betelnuts in Her mouth, She has a drop of musk on Her chin, Her eyes are marked with eyeliner, Makarī-fish-pictures are drawn on Her cheeks, She has red lac under and around Her feet and She wears tilaka on the forehead. How beautiful Śrīmatī looks when She is adorned with the sixteen śṛṅgāras!”

divyaś cūḍā maṇīndrau puraṭa viracitāu kuṇḍala dvandva kāñcī
niṣkāś cakrī śalākā yugala balaya ghaṭāu kaṇṭha bhūṣormikāś ca
hārāś tārānukārā bhuja kaṭaka tulā koṭayo ratna klṛptās
tuṅgā pādāṅgurīyac chabir iti ravibhir bhūṣaṇair bhāti rādhā

“O friend! How beautifully Rādhā is decorated with the twelve ābharaṇas!
She wears the divine king of jewels on Her crown, golden earrings on Her ears, a sash of bells around Her waist, a golden medal around Her neck, golden hoop-earrings above Her ears, bangles around Her wrists, chokers around Her neck, rings on Her fingers, a star-like necklace around Her neck, armlets on Her arms, jeweled ankle bells around Her ankles and the best toe rings on Her toes!”